How is The End of Suhoor Calculated?

Summary Excerpts

In general the average muslim does not need to make this calculation. They should simply follow their local masjid and the majority of the muslims in their area/ land. Unity of muslims is better than discord over the differences of opinion.

It is for those who need to make this decision to consider the differences of opinion and come to a judgement for their locality/ communities. The differences are primarily an issue when the land in question approaches the polar regions and is far from the equator. In such regions it is possible to have differences of a whole hour or so between the different calculations.

The time in question is the beginning of fajr as this denotes the time at which suhoor must end. The Quran clearly states that one may eat until the white thread of dawn is distinguished from the black thread of the night. However this phenomenon is not purely dependent on the sun. It can be dependent of one’s location, how observable the horizon is, one’s own eyesight and other such factors.

The astronomical dawn i.e. the point at which the night ends and the twilight of dawn begins is considered when the sun is 18 degrees below the horizon. For this reason traditionally and many Islamic apps today use 18 degrees as the basis as the time of imsak i.e. the point at which the suhoor meal must be completed.

However the astronomical dawn does not strictly meet the criterion of the Quranic imsak. There are too many variables that determine when exactly the whitishness of the true dawn occurs on a given day.

Some may say that one should be safe and make imsak a bit early, but for those who do not have much time to eat, we need to consider their needs. Furthermore, it is a sunnah to eat until the adhan is given.

In fact many studies into this have concluded that imsak occurs after 18 degrees and when the sun is more in the region of 15 degrees below the horizon and even upto 13 degrees depending on one’s location.

Therefore in conclusion, the calculation of suhoor can vary for legitimate reasons and because the Earth is not one uniform globe. And the best advice is to follow your community and the majority.

Those who wish to understand further should watch the video for Shaykh Yasir Qadhi‘s exact words.

And Allah knows best.

What is Sihr and How To Protect Yourself

Sheikh Yasir Qadhi explains sihr (magic), how the Jinn are involved, why Man should not be afraid and how to protect oneself from it.

Watch the whole video (scroll to bottom) or the short excerpts below.

Physical Strength of the Jinn…

There is no doubt that the Jinn are stronger than Man and have abilities we do not have. That is why they can apparently make the ‘impossible’ happen.

… vs Man’s Intellectual Strength

However, Man was created with a superior intellect and a more noble station…

The Evil Jinn Feels Inferior To Man

The evil shayateen amongst the Jinn, first and foremost Iblees, let their arrogance get the better of them and resent feeling inferior to the noble station granted to Man by Allah.

The Origins of Magic

The Quran tells us of how Allah sent angels Harut and Marut to the people of Babylon to test them with the knowledge of Magic.

What is Magic

Magic is the intersection between the world of the Jinn and that of Man.

How the Jinn and Magician Debase Themselves

The Magician is an evil person who debases himself in front of the Jinn to make the Jinn feel superior. In return the Jinn performs the ‘supernatural’ acts.

How to Protect Oneself

The Jinn are terrified of iman, taqwa and your belief in Allah.

Don’t Be Scared

Showing fear puts the Jinn in control. Only Allah is to be feared.

The Symptoms of Sihr


Watch the Whole Video

Watch More Yasir Qadhi
Watch More Epic Masjid